One of the most important tasks of any city infrastructure is to increase the mobility of its citizens. It should provide convenient access to workplaces, bringing peripheral and central districts closer together. It is now essential not only to get from A to B, but to choose how to do so - which transport to use.
It will be possible to ensure this choice by implementing the conception of ‘Transport as a service’ (Mobility-as-a-Service, MaaS). In other words, by creating a single infrastructure of planning and paying for any given journey within the citywide public transport system.
In the People’s Republic of China, a national intellectual transport system is being built. This is being done in order to take the pressure off motorways, currently overloaded by heavy goods vehicles. Consequently it will unite not only all forms of transport, but also the hubs created by intercity transport, as well as encompassing land, air and water ports. Passengers will be able to move quickly and comfortably between cities, and the country itself will be able to work out complex transport solutions for all manner of scenarios and potential volume of transportation, from local to nationwide.
Intellectual Transport System (ITS) is a digitised means of planning road-transport infrastructure and management, which allows for the increased mobility of the population and which also provides effective, safe traffic flow. Its task is to create a convenient and safe environment which facilitates movement around a city, making it both realistic and deliberate. When tackling road infrastructure renewal, it is vital to approach questions of project management and inculcation in a complex way, consistently creating ITS in accordance with priorities and expediency.
Russia’s ITS is being built with funding from federal subsidies and regional budgets. From 2020 to 2024, it is envisaged that 42 billion roubles will have been invested further. At the same time, a federal project named ‘the Modernisation of public transport in cities and city agglomerations’ has been estimated at 203 billion roubles by 2024, and 417 billion roubles by 2025-30. A centralised system of transport management is necessary, operating with data received from all known sources, otherwise this expenditure could be less effectively distributed.
Speaking of the future of the development of public transport, a certain aspiration to its multiprofile nature may be noted. It will provide a steady exchange of passengers from high-speed motorways, which will then seamlessly stream into city transport. In addition, in the coming years a vast implementation of unmanned technology is due to begin. This will enable the reduction of both traffic jams and road-traffic incidents. However, neither one nor the other is possible without the introduction of ITS. Only upon centralising the system’s development can it indeed begin to systematically improve the quality of the city environment and cope with its daily problems.